Many people affected by complex trauma struggle to find ways to connect with others. Developmental trauma can manifest as a persistent sense of isolation or explosive episodes of anger and aggression. They may blame themselves or others for the things that happen to them and struggle to trust other people.
Understanding how and why traumatic experiences in childhood disrupt the natural development of the brain is fundamental to helping children recover from their trauma and lead healthy, productive lives. Trauma causes the overdevelopment of some pathways and the underdevelopment of others, and the interplay between these different pathways can contribute to the symptoms that are reported by survivors.
The brain develops at a very rapid rate in infancy and early childhood, creating new neural connections based on experience. Over time, certain pathways become strengthened while non-essential ones are shed in a process known as pruning. If the majority of these experiences are traumatic, some pathways will get more use than they should, while other pathways do not form at all, leading to impaired emotional and cognitive function.
Researchers have found that a person’s ACE score, or the number of adverse childhood experiences they endorse, is associated with a wide range of health and social outcomes including poor mental and physical health, high-risk behaviors, and increased risk of early death. These patterns are consistent with Bronfenbrenner’s biopsychosocial model, and the cross-diagnostic effects of developmental trauma are reflected in many different psychiatric disorders.
Achieving recovery from complex trauma involves building new and healthy relationships – both with caregivers and peers. However, these relationships are complicated by the impact of trauma on a young child’s primary attachment system. These systems include the child’s sense of safety and understanding of themselves and their world, as well as a core set of basic developmental skills (Arvidson, 2010). Traumatic experiences can have profound impacts on these essential domains.
attachment regulation and competency, as described in the ARC framework, is a comprehensive treatment approach for children with complex trauma that addresses these critical domains. Treatment is built from four key areas of study: normative childhood development, traumatic stress, attachment, and risk/resilience. Using these broad areas as the foundation, the ARC framework identifies important childhood skills and competencies that are routinely shown to be negatively affected by trauma and attachment disruptions, and which, when addressed, predict resilient outcomes.
For a child to develop a sense of safety and understanding of themselves and their environment, they must have a stable relationship with one or more adult care providers. Caregivers’ capacity to respond consistently and appropriately to a child’s behavior is an integral aspect of this, including their ability to manage their own emotional responses. Often, trauma-related behaviors challenge caregivers’ regulatory capacities and create a cycle of disregulation in which a child’s adaptive response is perceived as an uncontrollable threat to their safety.
Additionally, children must learn to self-regulate their physiological and emotional states through play – either by engaging in healthy narrative or free play, or regulating their responses through sensory integration activities. Frequently, children in care have limited access to safe, structured play with the adults that are available to them.
Michael and Christian Gaiera, better known as the Tren Twins, have become famous on YouTube and TikTok for their weight training videos. The twins have captivated audiences with their incredible physique and impressive strength. They have inspired many to pursue a healthy lifestyle and start exercising. While their workout routine and commitment to health is commendable, they have also admitted to using steroids.
The tren twins nickname – tren – is due to their use of anabolic steroids. Their use of the drug helps them achieve an incredibly muscular physique. However, it is important to note that the twins have also trained hard and eat well. To build such an impressive physique, it would take years of consistent training and the right diet. The fact that the twins have achieved their physiques in a short period of time suggests that they have used steroids.
In a recent episode of Alex Eubank’s podcast, the twins confessed to using steroids to achieve their chiseled physiques. Their admission was a significant departure from their claims of being natural bodybuilders, or “natty.”
In addition to their rigorous training, the twins follow a healthy diet that is high in protein and low in carbs and fat. They also take a number of supplements to enhance their performance and promote muscle growth. In order to maximize their gains, they prioritize compound exercises such as bench presses and squats. They also incorporate isolation exercises like bicep curls and tricep extensions to train specific muscles groups.
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